Prof. Emeritus Shalom H. Schwartz

Research Topics: Human values, cultural similarities and differences

Teaching: Personal values and socially significant behavior, Cross-cultural psychology


שוורץ שלום, פרופ' אמריטוס
Studies of the nature of basic human values and their role as determinants of attitudes and behavior and in the use of values to study cultural similarities and differences. Specific applications at the individual level in the areas of political attitudes and voting, gender, religion, ethnicity, prosocial behavior, and refining a theory of basic values. Specific applications at the cultural level in how cultural values relate to and reciprocally influence economic development, democratization, income and gender inequality, public policies and investment, managers’ behavior and attitudes, international investment and trade.

l962‑1967 University of Michigan (Social Psychology), Ph.D. April l967

l957‑1962 Rabbinical School, Jewish Theological Seminary (Hebrew Literature and Language), M.H.L., June l962

l958‑1962 Teachers College, Columbia University (Social Psychology and Group Development), M.A. January l962

l959‑1960 Hebrew University of Jerusalem

l952‑1958 Seminary College, Jewish Theological Seminary (Hebrew Literature and Language), B.H.L. June l958

l953‑1957 Columbia College (Comparative Literature), A.B. June 1957 (Summa Cum Laude)

Research grants received

1967-68 Social and behavioral correlates of a sense of moral obligation. University of Wisconsin Graduate Research Committee.

1968‑71 Moral decision‑making and behavior. National Science Foundation, GS‑2048.

1971-72 Norms, personality and prosocial behavior. University of Wisconsin Graduate Research Committee.

1972‑77 Determinants of prosocial behavior. National Science Foundation, GS‑34225.

1976-78 Anonymity and bystander reactions in an emergency. University of Wisconsin Graduate Research Committee.

1977-78 Attributional strategies of social influence. (with Avi Gottlieb) National Institute of Mental Health.

1978-82 Moral decision‑making and behavior. National Science Foundation, BNS77‑23287.

1981-82 Self‑confrontation, value salience, and value change as influences on teachers' classroom considerateness. Human Development Center, Hebrew University.

1983-85 Changes in personal value importance vs. accessibility as mediators of behavior change: A theoretical test and application to teachers' respect behavior. Israel Ministry of Education.

1984-85 Value self‑confrontation as a technique to aid in weight loss. Marshall Fund, Hebrew University.

1985-86 Value similarity and intergroup social motives. Marshall Fund, Hebrew University.

1986-90 Value similarity, stereotypes, and intergroup behavior. National Council for Research and Development (Israel) and the Israel Foundations Trustees (Ford Foundation).

1988‑89 Universal and culture‑specific aspects of basic human values. Hebrew University

1989‑92 Studies in the structure, antecedents and consequences of human values. Israel-United States Binational Science Foundation (with Harry Triandis).

1992-94 Relations of individual value priorities to education, gender, political orientations, and religiosity within and across cultures. Israel Foundations Trustees.

1992-95 Cultural dimensions of values: Studies of the correlates of national differences in value priorities, change, consensus and structure. Basic Research Fund.

1993-94 Values and well-being. Hebrew University Internal Research Fund.

1994-97 Values and well-being: Studies of the relations of value priorities and value conflict to individual well-being. German-Israel Fund (with Klaus Boehnke).

1995-98 Understanding differences and change in the value culture of nations. Israel-United States Binational Science Foundation (with Sandra Ball-Rokeach).

1995-99 Values and development in Uganda: An action research. Netherlands-Israel Research Program (with John Munene).

1996-99 National identities in Jordan, West Bank, Gaza and Israel. S.H. & A. Brill-Scheuer Foundation (with Seymour Spilerman & Suha Taji-Farouki) and Truman Foundation.

1997-99 Development of value structure during adolescence. Israel Ministry of Education.

1997-98 Value transmission in families. Hebrew University Internal Research Fund.

1998-00 Value transmission in families: Processes of value perception and acceptance in students from underprivileged populations. The NCJW Research Institute for Innovation in Education.

1998-01 Value transmission in families: Israel Science Foundation.

2002-06 Cross-national, multilevel studies of values: Israel Science Foundation.

2011-13 Extending the theory and measurement of personal values and testing relations of values to attitudes and behaviour with Julie Lee, Geof Soutar & Jordan Louviere: Australian Research Council.
Proffessional memberships

International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology—President (2004-06), President elect (2002- 04), Past President (2006-08), Executive Council (1994-98)

American Psychological Association—Fellow

Society for Experimental Social Psychology—Fellow

European Association of Experimental Social Psychology

Israel Association for Social Psychology Research—President (1985-87)

Israel Psychological Association

Rabbinical Assembly

Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Association for Psychological Science

Thomas Heberlein. Moral norms, threatened sanctions, and littering behavior, 1971.

Martha Burt. Status, stigma, and compliance as determinants of causal attributions and credits, 1972. (co-chair)

Richard Tessler. Clients: Reactions to initial interviews: A study of relationship formation, 1972. (co-chair)

Gregory Elliott. A cognitive theory of impression management: Some experimental evidence, 1977.

Avi Gottlieb. Attributional strategies of social influence, 1979.

Ruth Almagor. The impact of occupational experiences on value priorities among Kibbutz members. 1995.

Sonia Roccas. The effects of group and individual characteristics and their interaction on identification with groups, 1997.

Lilach Sagiv. Individual value priorities and vocational choice, 1997.

Haim Gat. Values in psychodynamic psychotherapy: An empirical study. 1998.

Arielle Lehman. Motivations in friendships. 1998.

Anat Bardi. Relations of values to behavior in everyday situations. 2000.

Gila Melech. Value development in adolescence. 2001

Ariel Knafo. Value transmission in family? Processes and contexts in the perception and acceptance of parental values in adolescents. 2001

Marina Barnea. Values and political orientations: A cross-cultural comparison. 2003

Noga Sverdlik. Understanding internal value conflict. 2007

Maggie Cohen

Ayelet Tako

Shimi Solomon